25 April: Liberation and the Constitution

The image of the news for the April 25 celebrations represents a group of women walking in Piazza Brera in Milan and represent one of the symbols of the resistance

The call for a national insurrection against the Germans for the liberation of the country started from Milan on 25 April 1945 – an appeal that was taken up by young people, workers, peasants and former soldiers of the Royal Army. It was there that the foundations were laid for healing deep wounds, re-establishing national unity and the birth of the Republic.

A little less than a year later, on 22 April 1946, the provisional government of Alcide De Gasperi decreed that 25 April of each year would be a national holiday. Liberation became Liberation Day.

Many words are spent, as is fitting, on the end of this dark period in Italian history and on the new phase that finally began in those days: the role of the Resistance, the debate over the new Constitution, the rise of a new Italy from the ashes of Fascism.

This year, Intesa Sanpaolo, Italy's first bank, has turned the spotlight on two fundamental aspects of that period: the Resistance by women and the birth of the Constitution, with the support and promotion of two projects – or rather two historical documents of great value for the construction and re-construction of our national identity.

Women's Resistance

The birth of the Constitution